Building Jerusalem : the rise and fall of the Victorian city / Tristram Hunt.

by Hunt, Tristram, 1974-Looking glass.

Publisher: London : Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2004.Description: xvi, 432 pages, 24 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some colour), maps, portraits (some colour) ; 25 cm.ISBN: 0297607677.Subject(s): Cities and towns -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century | City and town life -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century | Municipal government -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century | Sociology, Urban -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century | Great Britain -- History -- Victoria, 1837-1901Looking glass | Great Britain -- Social conditions -- 19th centuryLooking glassNote: Bibliography: pages [395]-415. - Includes index.
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Victorian cities, so long the object of derision as a byword for deprivation, are now celebrated as an urban ideal. They are widely heralded among modern planners and politicians for their active citizenship, local democracy, and civic spirit. This is a history of the ideas that shaped not only London, but Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool, Leeds, Birmingham, Sheffield and other power-houses of 19th-century Britain. It charts the controversies and visions that fostered Britain¿s greatest civic renaissance.
Tristram Hunt explores the horrors of the Victorian city, as seen by Dickens, Engels and Carlyle; the influence of the medieval Gothic ideal of faith, community and order espoused by Pugin and Ruskin; the reaction led by Macaulay and Mill, who were repelled by the faux medievalism of the early Victorian years and who championed progress and industry; the pride in self-government, identified with the Saxons as opposed to the Normans; the identification with the city republics of the Italian renaissance ¿ commerce, trade and patronage; the change from the civic to the municipal, and greater powers over health, education and housing, especially in Joe Chamberlain¿s Birmingham; and finally at the end of the century, the retreat from the urban to the rural ideal, led by William Morris and the garden-city movement of Ebenezer Howard.

Bibliography: pages [395]-415. - Includes index.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Illustrations (p. xiii)
  • Acknowledgements (p. xv)
  • Preface: Manufacturing Cities (p. 1)
  • Part I Confronting the City
  • 1 The New Hades (p. 9)
  • i 'It's This Steam' (p. 13)
  • ii Sight and Sound of the City (p. 16)
  • iii Life and Death in the City (p. 25)
  • iv Engels's Manchester (p. 29)
  • 2 Carlyle and Coketown (p. 35)
  • i The Moral Quagmire (p. 36)
  • ii A Pageant of Phantoms (p. 40)
  • iii Romance and Reason (p. 45)
  • iv Benthamite Utopias (p. 50)
  • v Facts and Fiction (p. 53)
  • 3 Pugin versus the Panopticon (p. 57)
  • i The Age of Chivalry (p. 60)
  • ii The Medieval Manifesto (p. 68)
  • iii Rewriting the City (p. 74)
  • iv Rebuilding the City (p. 78)
  • v John Ruskin and the Venetian Turn (p. 86)
  • 4 Macaulay, the Middle Classes and the March of Progress (p. 96)
  • i The Great Middle Class (p. 99)
  • ii Faith in the City (p. 104)
  • iii City Air Makes You Free (p. 109)
  • iv Industrial Marvels (p. 114)
  • v Highly Civil Society (p. 116)
  • vi Urbs Triumphant (p. 130)
  • Part II Transforming the City
  • 5 Mammon and the New Medici (p. 141)
  • i Philistinism (p. 143)
  • ii Hellenism (p. 145)
  • iii Cities of Minerva (p. 148)
  • iv William Roscoe and the Italian Renaissance (p. 152)
  • v Manufacturing Culture (p. 159)
  • 6 Merchant Princes and Municipal Palaces (p. 169)
  • i Monuments to Mercury (p. 172)
  • ii Urban Renaissance (p. 177)
  • iii Life and Soul of the City (p. 180)
  • iv Battle of the Styles: the Foreign Office and Northampton Town Hall (p. 186)
  • 7 Sewage, Saxons and Self-government (p. 193)
  • i Romancing the Saxons (p. 196)
  • ii Whatever Happened to the Norman Conquest? (p. 204)
  • iii A Tale of Two Cities (p. 209)
  • iv Saxon Sanitation (p. 213)
  • v The Shopocracy (p. 217)
  • vi Dirty but Free (p. 223)
  • vii Revolving Despots: Chadwick and Haussmann (p. 227)
  • 8 Joseph Chamberlain and the Municipal Gospel (p. 232)
  • i Joseph Chamberlain: Unitarian and Businessman (p. 234)
  • ii Easy Row and the Municipal Gospel (p. 238)
  • iii Gas and Water (p. 245)
  • iv Improvement (p. 254)
  • v Red Clydeside (p. 266)
  • vi From Municipal Gospel to Municipal Socialism (p. 270)
  • Part III Fleeing the City
  • 9 London: The Whited Sepulchre of Empire (p. 285)
  • i The Capital of Corruption (p. 287)
  • ii Outcast London (p. 291)
  • iii The Colonial Solution (p. 298)
  • iv In Suburbia (p. 302)
  • 10 Garden Cities and the Triumph of Suburbia (p. 308)
  • i Ebenezer Howard and the Windy City (p. 309)
  • ii Corporate Communities: Bournville and Sunlight (p. 313)
  • iii Garden Cities of Tomorrow (p. 316)
  • iv Letchworth Garden City (p. 321)
  • v Hampstead Garden Suburb and the Death of the City (p. 328)
  • Epilogue: Still Waiting for the Rover? (p. 337)
  • i The Road from Wigan Pier (p. 338)
  • ii Cultural Industry (p. 343)
  • iii Regenerating Jerusalem (p. 350)
  • iv Waiting for the Rover (p. 356)
  • v The Victorian Revival (p. 362)
  • Notes (p. 366)
  • Bibliography (p. 395)
  • Index (p. 416)

Reviews provided by Syndetics

Library Journal Review

Hunt, a former British Labour Party consultant and an independent historian, undertakes the ambitious task of investigating the social, cultural, and intellectual aspects of seven British cities that saw spectacular growth during the Victorian period. The carefully organized and readable book is divided into three parts. The first discusses the change from rural to urban life due largely to the Industrial Revolution. The second part elaborates Hunt's depiction of the transformation of Britain into a grand collection of cities. Here Hunt discusses the importance of individualism during the period, architectural influences, and the great divide in city life between the large population of wretchedly poor citizens and the intellectually and socially vibrant middle and upper classes. The third part describes with palpable regret the post-Victorian growth of the suburban approach to life, which invariably has lessened the importance of the cities and contributed to their decline. Hunt ends on a cautiously optimistic note, observing that the trend may be reversing, with Britain's cities rising once again. This comprehensive social history comprises copious notes, a bibliography mostly of primary sources, and an extensive index. It will be useful in large history and city planning collections.-B. Allison Gray, John Jermain Memorial Lib., Sag Harbor, NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Publishers Weekly Review

We think we have culture wars today, but our world is peaceful compared to 19th-century England as portrayed by Hunt in this comprehensive study of the emergence of the modern city. Hunt, a historian at the University of London, examines the many antagonistic political and aesthetic movements vying for dominance as the Victorian city took shape. In the 1830s, rural masses migrating to the industrial cities found rampant disease, extreme want and a life expectancy as low as 30 years. In response, some argued nostalgically for a return to medieval patterns of life or a resurgence of Saxon traditions of local autonomy. Others preached a municipal gospel, stressing a duty of serving the community through public office or participating in the myriad voluntary associations created to promote education, public health and the morality of the working poor. Hunt devotes lively chapters to these and other responses to Victorian urban life. He finds that none provided a lasting solution, as the cities of England and Scotland sank into drab suburbanism in thrall to the "metropolitan imperialism" of London. Demonstrating a remarkable command of literature, political history and architectural criticism, Hunt (who is all of 31) brings a long-departed era vigorously to life. 16 pages of b&w illus. (Jan. 4) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved


The Victorian city historically appears to have been a cesspool of squalor and disease. According to Hunt (Queen Mary College, Univ. of London), the Victorian city was also an environment in which much was accomplished by the civic-minded middle classes who, fueled by nonconformist backgrounds and liberal principles, refused to sacrifice their pride as Britons and belief in the sanctity of progress to the debris of industrialization. Forward-looking citizens like Joseph Chamberlain, the champion of Victorian Birmingham, and Edwin Chadwick, organizer of public health reform, headed civic improvement programs under local governments that operated independently of any centralized authority's agenda. Along with Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester, Liverpool, and Sheffield built large, spectacular town halls, libraries, chapels, museums, garden cemeteries and suburbs, sewer systems, and gas works. Cultural mythologies based on fanciful interpretations of their Saxon past or the English Civil War fostered civic identity, bourgeois self-worth, and resolute self-government. Hunt's epilogue describes the deterioration of the Victorian city as a result of the decline of nonconformity and a muddying of what "middle class" meant in the 20th century, and calls for a return to the cities' Victorian spirit of progress. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. E. J. Jenkins Arkansas Tech University

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Dr Tristram Hunt is a lecturer in history at Queen Mary, University of London. Previously, he was an associate fellow at the Centre for History and Economics, King's College, Cambridge, and research fellow at the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR). Educated at Cambridge and Chicago Universities, he has worked for the Labour Party in two general election campaigns and as a government adviser. As well as authoring a number of BBC television programmes, he is a regular contributor to The Guardian, The Times, and The Observer